Présentation de l’éditeur
One of the first to provide a socio-legal comparative history of under-studied or ignored Jewish attempts in the 1930s "Anglosphere" to counter the rise in fascist and Nazi antisemitism, this book examines the ways in which Jewish individuals and organized communal bodies in the mid-to-late 1930s sought to counter this increasing antisemitic violence, physical and verbal, by using the law against their fascist and Nazi attackers.
This is the first study to explore how Jews in these countries organized themselves, brought their oppressors to court, while seeking to convince their governments that an attack on Jews was a threat to the social order. The book analyzes the networks of knowledge and the personal relationships between and among key actors and institutions of the "Antisemitic International." Nazi "nationalists" always participated in networks that transcended borders. Case studies from Canada, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States, illustrate the ways in which different mechanisms of Jewish resistance were deployed throughout the mid-to-late 1930s. They embody significant concerns about the "turn to law" and the importance of litigation and legislation. Grounded in original archival research on three continents, the book examines the ways in which professional legal discourse about public order and democratic citizenship proffered by Jewish communities and individual Jews was countered by their Nazi opponents with legal and political arguments about "truth," "persecution," and Jewish perfidy.
The book will be of interest to students, academics, and researchers working in the areas of Legal History, History, Jewish Studies, the study of Antisemitism, and the History of the far right, fascism and Nazism.
David Fraser is Professor Emeritus of Law and Social Theory in the School of Law at the University of Nottingham, United Kingdom. His research has focused on legal aspects of National Socialism and the Shoah, and on modern and contemporary Jewish legal history.
1. Jews, Nazis, and the Turn to Law
2. The Antisemitic International: The Protocols and Jewish-Legal Self-defense
3. Europe: Jewish legal Self-defense as an International Phenomenon
4. The Greyshirts Trial: Jews, Nazis, and Legal Self-defense in South Africa
5. After the Greyshirts Trial: Jewish Self-defense in South Africa following the Victory of Rabbi Levy
6. Jews, Nazis, and the Québec Experience: The Failures of Law
7. Canadian Nazis and Jewish Legal Self-defense in Manitoba: Tobias v. Whittaker
8. The Freiman-Tissot Affair; Nazis Antisemites, Jews, and the Canadian Criminal Code
9. Nazi Antisemitism, Jewish legal Self-defense, and Criminal Libel in Ottawa
10. Nazi Antisemites, Libel Suits, and Jewish Legal Self-defense in the United States
11. The Edmondson Case and the Trial That Wasn’t: American Antisemitism, American Law, American Jews
12. English Jewish Self-defense: Elites, Masses, and Law
13. The Leese Case: Libel Laws, Nazi Antisemites, and Jewish Self-defense in England
14. Conclusion: Beyond Jewish Legal Self-defense?