Parution : 04/2024
Editeur : Routledge
ISBN : 978-1-0323-3265-9
Site de l'éditeur

Rights of Nature in Europe

Encounters and Visions

Sous la direction de Jenny García Ruales,  Katarina Hovden,  Helen Kopnina,  Colin D. Robertson,  Hendrik Schoukens

Présentation de l’éditeur

This book addresses the recognition of the Rights of Nature (RoN) in Europe, examining their conceptualisation and implementation. RoN refers to a diverse set of legal developments that seek to redefine Nature's status within the law, gradually emerging as a novel template for environmental protection. Countries like Ecuador and New Zealand, each with distinct histories and ways of dwelling in the world, have pioneered a new era in environmental governance by legally acknowledging rights or personhood for nature, ecosystems, and more-than-human populations.

In recent years, Europe has witnessed growing interest in RoN, with academic, legislative, and political initiatives gaining momentum. A significant development is the September 2022 passage of a law in the Spanish Parliament, granting legal personhood and rights to the Mar Menor, a saltwater lagoon severely affected by environmental degradation.

Given the diversity in interpretations and articulations of ‘Rights of Nature’, this edited volume argues that their arrival in Europe fosters different kinds of interactions across distinct areas of law, knowledge, practices, and societal domains. The book employs a multidisciplinary approach, exploring these interactions in law and policy, anthropology, Indigenous worldviews and jurisprudence, philosophy, spiritual traditions, critical theory, animal communication, psychology, and social work.

This book is tailored for scholars in law, political science, environmental studies, anthropology and cultural studies; as well as legal practitioners, NGOs, activists and policy-makers interested in ecology and environmental protection.

Jenny García Ruales is an Amazonian anthropologist, currently pursuing her PhD at the Philipps University of Marburg and the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Germany.

Katarina Hovden is a PhD candidate in Law at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Helen Kopnina is Professor and Researcher in Biodiversity and Business at Northumbria University, UK.

Colin D. Robertson is a Scottish lawyer and member of the Law Society of Scotland, UK.

Hendrik Schoukens is Professor of Environmental Law at Ghent University and lawyer at the bar of Brussels, Belgium.



Chapter 1. Arrival of rights of Nature in Europe
Jenny García Ruales, Katarina Hovden, Helen Kopnina, Colin D. Robertson and Hendrik Schoukens

 Part I Landing and grounding

 Chapter 2. A Well-braided (Knowledge) Braid: Lessons learned from the Kawsak Sacha and the Forest Beings to Europe
Jenny García Ruales, Yaku Viteri Gualinga

 Chapter 3. ‘Caring for Nature’: Exploring the concepts of stewardship in European philosophies, spiritual traditions, and laws
Jérémie Gilbert, Camilla Brattland, Sophie de Maat, Matthias Kramm, Alessandro Pelizzon

 Chapter 4. Ecodemocracy in the Wild: If existing democracies were to operationalize ecocentrism and animal ethics in policy-making, what would rewilding look like?
Helen Kopnina, Simon Leadbeater, Paul Cryer, Anja Heister, Tamara Lewis)

 Chapter 5. An Ecological Citizenship’s Triumph: From The Popular Legislative Initiative To The Rights Granted For The Mar Menor
Teresa Vicente Giménez, Eduardo Salazar Ortuño 

Part II. Attuning to European legal landscapes

Chapter 6. From Extractivism to The Rights of Nature
Rana Göksu and Katarina Hovden

 Chapter 7. Rights of Nature in EU Law: a Linguistic Approach
Colin D. Robertson

 Chapter 8. Do Wolves Own Property in the EU? On John Locke, the EU Habitats Directive and Animal Property Rights
Hendrik Schoukens

 Chapter 9. Animal Rights under the European Convention on Human Rights
Elien Verniers

 Chapter 10. Finding a path to Europe for the Rights of Nature
Elena Ewering, Andreas Gutmann and Tore Vetter

Part III. Encounters with the rights of Nature

Chapter 11. Wild Animals Speak: Implications for Nature Rights
Kimberley J. Graham 

Chapter 12. Strangers in paradise: the challenge of invasive alien species to (the implementation of) Earth jurisprudence in Europe
Hendrik Schoukens and Eva Bernet Kempers

Chapter 13. Ecological restoration and the rights of nature in the EU: natural twins or a Pandora’s box?
Hendrik Schoukens and An Cliquet

Chapter 14. Rights of Nature from a historical-economic perspective and the opportunity for a fundamental reorientation of the societal relationship to nature
Alessio Thomasberger and Lena Hennes

Part IV. Visions for the rights of Nature

Chapter 15. Towards an EU Fundamental Charter for the Rights of Nature: Integrating Nature, People, Economy
Silvia Bagni, Mumta Ito and Massimiliano Montini,

Chapter 16. Ecocide law as a transformative legal leverage point
Pella Thiel and Valérie Cabanes

Chapter 17. Rights of Nature as an Ecopsychological Praxis
Henrik Hallgren and Hans Landeström

Chapter 18. Eco-social work and the healing and transformative powers of Nature: towards an eco-centric practice
Anette Lytzen and Cathy Richardson Kineweskwêw

396 pages.  £124.00