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9781108495271


Parution : 07/2019
Editeur : Cambridge University Press
ISBN : 978-1-1084-9527-1
Site de l'éditeur

The Constitutional Origins of the American Civil War

Michael F. Conlin

Présentation de l'éditeur

In an incisive analysis of over two dozen clauses as well as several 'unwritten' rules and practices, The Constitutional Origins of the American Civil War shows how the Constitution aggravated the sectional conflict over slavery to the point of civil war. Going beyond the fugitive slave clause, the three-fifths clause, and the international slave trade clause, Michael F. Conlin demonstrates that many more constitutional provisions and practices played a crucial role in the bloody conflict that claimed the lives of over 750,000 Americans. He also reveals that ordinary Americans in the mid-nineteenth century had a surprisingly sophisticated knowledge of the provisions and the methods of interpretation of the Constitution. Lastly, Conlin reminds us that many of the debates that divide Americans today were present in the 1850s: minority rights vs. majority rule, original intent vs. a living Constitution, state's rights vs. federal supremacy, judicial activism vs. legislative prerogative, secession vs. union, and counter-majoritarianism vs. democracy.

  • Addresses the cause of the Civil War in a new and compelling way

  • Explains the complex legal history of the relationship between slavery and the Constitution in an accessible manner

  • Provides the first quantitative account of the historic three-fifths clause's effect on the House of Representatives and the Electoral College

Michael F. Conlin is Professor of History at Eastern Washington University and author of One Nation Divided by Slavery: Remembering the American Revolution while Marching toward the Civil War (2015).

Sommaire

1. The original intent of the slaveholding founders
2. Two constitutional wrongs did not guarantee a constitutional right
3. The tyranny of the Northern majority
4. The spirit of 1787
5. The constitutional right of secession
Epilogue: the Founders' constitution no more.

Cambridge Historical Studies in American Law and Society , 342 pages.  £ 39.99

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