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Parution : 04/2019
Editeur : Hart
ISBN : 978-1-5099-1249-0
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The Constitutional Structure of Europe’s Area of ‘Freedom, Security and Justice’ and the Right to Justification

Ester Herlin-Karnell

Présentation de l'éditeur

This book explores the implications of freedom as a non-domination-oriented view for understanding EU security regulation and its constitutional implications. At a time when the European borders are under pressure and with the refugee and migration crisis, which escalated in 2015, the idea of exploring a constitutional theory for the 'Area of Freedom, Security and Justice' (AFSJ) might seem to be a utopian project. This appears especially true in the light of the increased threat of terrorism in Europe (and on a global scale) and where the expanding EU security agenda is often advanced through the administrative law path, in contrast to the constitutional trajectory. Add to this the prolonged financial crisis, which continues to cast a long shadow on the future development of EU integration, and which suggests that Europe needs to 're-invent itself' beyond the sphere of economics. Therefore, it is precisely because of the current uncertainties regarding the progress of the EU and the constitutional law project that a constitutional take on the AFSJ is of particular importance. The book investigates the meaning of non-domination and the idea of justice and justification in the area of EU security regulation. In doing so, it focuses on the development of an AFSJ, what it means, and why it represents a fascinating example of contemporary constitutional law with interacting layers of security regulation, human rights law and transnational legal theory at its core.




1. Introduction
I. The Idea of the Book
II. The Structure of the Book
III. Why Constitutionalism Matters for Constructing the AFSJ Sphere
IV. Introduction to the Contested Concept of Justice and the EU Security Status Quo
V. Justice, EU Legal Debate and the External Aspect
VI. Conclusion

2. The Concept of Non-domination in the EU Security-related Context
I. Introduction
II. The Concept of 'Freedom as Non-domination' as a Constitutional Set-up: Charting the Main Debate
III. Non-domination, Justice and EU Security Regulation
IV. Legitimacy and Justification
V. Judicial Review and Non-domination
VI. Translating the 'Non-domination' Question to the Supranational EU Level and its Relevance for EU Security Regulation
VII. Introduction to the Links between Justification and Proportionality in the Context of Non-domination
VIII. Conclusion


3. The Right to Justification, Justice and the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice
I. Introduction
II. Justice as a Contested Concept
III. Justice and on the Constitutional Structure
IV. The Idea of Justification, Democracy and the Question of Legitimacy
V. The Ideal and Non-ideal Picture of Justice
VI. Constitutional Essentials, Public Reason and Judicial Review
II. Same for States and Citizens? The EU Context
VIII. Conclusion

4. Proportionality and Reasonable Disagreement in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice
I. Introduction
II. Proportionality in the AFSJ and Beyond
III. Proportionality Discourse: Introductory Remarks to a Grand Debate
IV. An Umbrella Principle of Proportionality in EU Law
V. Proportionality on the EU Legislative Table
VI. The New Contours of Proportionality within the AFSJ: Case Law
VII. Critique and Appraisal of the Principle
VIII. The Turn to Justification: Proportionality as Reasonable Disagreement
IX. Proportionality and Justice as a Force for Good AFSJ Structure?
X. Conclusion: Non-domination Utilised Through Proportionality?


5. The Right to Justification, Territoriality and Migration, Refugees and Terrorism
I. Introduction
II. The Decent Society and its Borders: Some Key Debates Explored
III. Migration Ethics and the AFSJ Challenge
IV. Anti-terrorism, Security and Prevention
V. Adjudication and Security in Real Time
VI. Agencies and the Accountability Deficit
VII. What Kind of Justification for What Kind of Solidarity?
VIII. Conclusion

6. The Dimensions of Constitutional Justice: The Multi-Speed Scenario
I. Introduction
II. Justice and Fragmentation: Cherry-picking AFSJ Standards
III. Constitutional Justice, Trust and the CJEU
IV. The Court of Justice as a Trustee Court in the AFSJ?
V. National Courts and Fiduciary Obligations: When the EU Standard is not Robust Enough
VI. Conclusion

7. Conclusion
I. Conclusion
II. The Justification of the Book

Hart Studies in Security and Justice , 200 pages.  £70.00

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