Identity, Citizenship and Legal History


Identity, Citizenship and Legal History

XXVth Annual Forum of Young Legal Historians



Our next gathering aims to investigate the closely intertwined concepts of identity and citizenship through legal history. Since the nineteenth century, identity and citizenship are predominantly linked to the modern nation-state, a model which is nowadays increasingly challenged on the internal as well as the external level. Internally, many states are seen to be struggling with federalism, separatist movements, legacies of colonialism and right-wing politics. Externally, today's governments are confronted with issues, such as climate change, demographic shifts, migration streams and a global and interdependent economic system, that require international cooperation or even supranational institutions. Throughout history, the concepts of citizenship and identity aren't always defined in the same way. There is, therefore, enough reason to expect that we can learn from history. Such an endeavour necessitates a multidisciplinary approach since legal constructions can be fully appreciated only when combined with insights from the related fields of history, philosophy, political science and sociology.




Wednesday 5 June 2019

(Palace of the Academies)


9.00 : Registration and coffee

9.30 : Welcome on behalf of the Association of Young Legal Historians

9.40 : Opening remarks
Dave De Ruysscher, Vrije Universiteit Brussel & Tilburg University on behalf of the Committee for Legal History and the Young Academy of the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science

9.50 : Opening remarks
Frederik Dhondt, Vrije Universiteit Brussel & Universiteit Antwerpen on behalf of the Academic Committee

10.00 : Opening remarks
Caroline Pauwels, Rector of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel

10.10 : Keynote speech on 'Twenty-five years of AYLH : Some observations on legal historical scholarship since the nineties'
Thomas Duve, Director of the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, Frankfurt am Main

10.40 : Keynote speech on 'Political Belonging in Empires and Composite Citizenship'
Lauren Benton, Vanderbilt University, President-elect of the American Society for Legal History

11.10 : Keynote speech on 'Citizenship in Old Regime societies : practices and legal norms'
Simona Cerutti, Studies Director at the Centre of Historical Studies (CRH) of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris

11.40 : Panel discussion on 'The role of legal history in current debates on identity and citizenship'

Moderator : Nathalie Tousignant, Université Saint-Louis Bruxelles

Audience questions

12.40 : Reception and lunch



Panel : 'Identity and citizenship in ancient Rome'

Chair : Nicolas Meunier, Université Saint-Louis Bruxelles


14.30 : Cicero and Roman identity
Anna Iacoboni, Sorbonne University

Roman citizenship and the ius civile : the Constitutio Antoniniana in legal, political and economic context
Jonathan Ainslie, University of Edinburgh

Being a gladiator in ancient Rome : legal aspects
Duygu Tahan Orhan, Ankara University

The citizenship of Roman priestesses
Diane Baudoin, Université Paris II Panthéon-Assas


Panel : 'Identity and citizenship : a history of ideas'

Chair : Raphael Cahen, Vrije Universiteit Brussel


14.30 : The transformation of the concept of patriotism in early modern Europe in the sixteenth century
Balázs Rigó, Eötvös Loránd University

Citizenship and electoral law in times of revolutions (eighteenth and nineteenth centuries)
Quentin Pironnet & Andy Jousten, Université de Liège

Questioning the reducibility of citizenship to the nation-state : a Weberian approach
Edouard Delrée, Université libre de Bruxelles

Citizenship and nation : An effectiveness review
José Franco, University of Valencia, Universität Augsburg


Panel : 'The identity of Amsterdam and its mercantile citizens'

Chair : Dave De Ruysscher, Vrije Universiteit Brussel & Tilburg University


14.30 : The mercantile identity of early modern Amsterdam : An institutional overview
Marco in 't Veld, Vrije Universiteit Brussel

'Insolvents identities' identities in late seventeenth century Amsterdam
Maurits den Hollander, Tilburg University

Private partnerships in early modern Amsterdam : the identity of the business partners in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries
Manon Moerman, Maastricht University

Italian merchants in Amsterdam, 1650-1700
Maarten Draper, European University Institute Firenze

16.30 : Break

19.00 : Excursion to Brussels Beer Project


Thursday 6 June 2019

(De Markten)


Panel : 'Identity and citizenship during the nineteenth century'

Chair : Jérôme de Brouwer, Université libre de Bruxelles


9.00 : After the fall of the Empire. Citizenship in a little Italian state : The case of the duchy of Parma
Edoardo Fregoso, Università degli Studi di della Magna Graecia

Sovereignty, representation and participation in 1830 Belgium
Christophe Maes, Catholic University of Leuven

Unity, diversity, identity : Remarks on codification struggles in Switzerland in the nineteenth century
Maria Lewandowicz, University of Gdansk


Panel : 'Identity, citizenship in the Middle East and Morocco'

Chair : Stephanie Plasschaert, Vrije Universiteit Brussel


9.00 : Sharia law and citizenship in the Gulf States : The thinking of contemporary Muslim intellectuals
Kassim Alsraiha, Ben-Gurion University

Traditional Identities confronting a new citizenship : Early Israeli law and the dilemma of bigamy and polygamy among eastern communities
Omer Aloni, University of Potsdam

Reforms of family law in Morocco : The confrontation around the reference system
Siham Darkaoui, Université Lille II


Panel : 'Identity and citizenship in Poland (I)'

Chair : Joanna Kulawiak-Cyrankowska, University of Łódź


9.00 : Creating a modern state without a modern nation. The case of the Duchy of Warsaw in the nineteenth century
Thomasz Krolasik, University of Warsaw

The civil code as part of national identity in the Congress Kingdom of Poland
Piotr Pomianowski, University of Warsaw

Searching for national identity in building own legal culture. “Polish” civil procedure in the constitutional Kingdom of Poland
Anna Klimaszewska, University of Gdansk

10.30 : Break


Panel : Ideas on identity and citizenship during the nineteenth century

Chair : Jérôme de Brouwer, Université libre de Bruxelles


11.00 : Mancini's international children : a closer look into the Italian school of international private law and its European heirs
Elisabeth Bruyère, Ghent University

Peace through justice. Legal reformism in the press of the transnational peace movement of the nineteenth century
Wouter De Rycke, Vrije Universiteit Brussel

Joseph Marie Portalis (1778-1858) : From comparison to the idea of a European code of citizenship
Raphael Cahen, Vrije Universiteit Brussel


Panel : 'Citizenship an religious identity'

Chair : Omer Aloni, University of Potsdam


11.00 : Religious disruption and change of subjecthood in Canada, Grenada and Florida (1759-1783)
Antoni Lahondes, Université Paris II Pantéon-Assas

Citizenship, civil rights and religious identity in the nineteenth century of Staatskirchenrecht in Germany
Florian Reverchon, Université Jean Moulin Lyon III

Identity of indigenous Polish muslims
Rafal Kaczmarcyk, University of Warsaw


Panel : 'Austria after World War One – Old and new questions'

Chair : Sebastiaan Vandenbogaerde, Ghent University


11.00 : Cutting in half an identity. Art. 27 of the Treaty of St. Germain and the partition of the Tyrol
Stefan Wedrac, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Wake Forest University

A new identity but which one ?
Laura Rathmanner, University of Vienna

The new role of women in post war Austria using the example of the discussion on the law concerning veneral diseases
Esther Ayasch, University of Vienna


Panel : 'Identity and citizenship in Poland (II)'

Chair : Anna Klimaszewska, University of Gdansk


11.00 : Citizenship during transition period. The regulation of Polish citizenship in the first years of the Second Polish Republic (1918-1926)
Jakub Pokoj, Jagiellonian University of Kraków

The position of national minorities in the Second Republic of Poland. Legal institutions and practice
Marcin Lysko, University of Bialystok

Identity and citizenship in Polish and Finnish legal regulations in the interwar
Dawid Michalski, University of Gdansk


12.30 : Lunch


Panel : 'Identity and citizenship in the Middle Ages I'

Chair : Wouter Druwé, Catholic University of Leuven


13.30 : Inside or outside the perimeter ? The importance of the community in the medieval context
Vincenzo Toscano, University of Milan 'La Statale'

Eadem/idem non est Anglica/-us, sed possit uti legibus et libertatibus Anglorum in Hebernia : “citizenship” and medieval English Ireland
Stephen Hewer, Trinity College of University of Dublin

Civic identity in English Legal History : Feudalism and Boroughs
Alec Thomson, Cambridge University

Being subject of the French king – being French ? – literary presentations of medieval perception of legal identity
Alicja Bancyk, Jagiellonian University of Kraków


Panel : 'The identity of the Southern Netherlands'

Chair : Nicolas Simon, Université Saint-Louis Bruxelles


13.30 : Researcher-in-Residence Project (Royal Library, The Hague) : Entangled history ! Making ordinances searchable (poster presentation)
Annemieke Romein, Ghent University

Shared legal history and identity : divided and detached ? How do ordinances in Holland and Flanders differ from each other (1579-1701) ?
Annemieke Romein, Ghent University

Outsiders or insiders ? The consular jurisdiction of the Spanish and Portugese nations in Bruges and Antwerp
Gijs Dreijer, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, University of Exeter

Nationality and citizenship in the old private law of Namur
Marc Ronvaux, Université Catholique de Louvain


Panel : 'Understanding Hungarian and Romanian identity'

Chair : Valerio Massimo Minale, Universita Bocconi


13.30 : The role of the Holy Crown in the Hungarian constitutional identity : the king's judicial power
Zsófia Biró, University of Pécs

Regulation of the citizenship of ethnic Hungarians living abroad : ethnopolitics, demographical issues and humanitarian aspects
Dóra Frey, Andrássy Gyula German Speaking University

From president to political convict : Criminal procedures against Mihály Károlyi at the interwar period, with special regards to the “libel against the nation” proceedings
Izabella Drócsa, Pázmány Péter Catholic University

When legal transplant is legal identity ?! Seeking (constitutional) signs of identity in pre- and post-communist Romania
Roghina Razvan-Cosmin, University of Sibiu

15.30 : Break


Panel : 'Identity and citizenship in the Middle Ages II'

Chair : Wouter Druwé, Catholic University of Leuven


16.00 : The other side of citizenship. Foreigners, vagabonds, miserabiles personae in the Republic of Venice (16-17thcentury)
Federica Paletti, University of Brescia

The ban as deprivation of citizenship within bankruptcy law of medieval Florence
Marta Lupi, Tilburg University

Identity, citizenship and the Minčetić case
Andreja Katancevic, University of Belgrade

The usurer as an enemy of the state in the writings of Conrad Summenhart
Joost Possemiers, Catholic University of Leuven


Panel : 'Identity and citizenship of minorities'

Chair : Frederik Dhondt, Vrije Universiteit Brussels & Universiteit Antwerpen


16.00 : Establishing and repealing women's dependent nationality in Australia (1920-1949)
Emma Bellino, University of Wollongong

Ethnic cleansing or rule of law : Solving the question of local political participation (Finland, 1918)
Markus Kari, University of Helsinki

The Vatican citizenship in the history and nowadays
Ekaterina Shebalina, MGIMO University

Protecting the State's citizens abroad. Western Europe and the birth of bilateral investment treaties
Filip Batselé, Ghent University


Panel : 'Understanding Hungarian and Slovakian identity'

Chair : Dóra Frey, Andrássy Gyula German Speaking University


16.00 : ”A prison of nations ?” Austria-Hungary, its law and citizens
Krysztof Bokwa, Jagiellonian University Kraków

The emergence of Slovak identity by the means of autonomy between 1848 and 1868
Imre Képessy, Eötvös Loránd University

'The administrative officials' sense of identity in Hungary after the Austro-Hungarian compromise
Máté Pétervári, University of Szeged

Issues of the first act on the Hungarian citizenship
Gábor Bathó, Eötvös Loránd University

18:00 : End of the day


Friday 7 June 2019

(De Markten)


Panel : 'Petitioning and expressing identities in late medieval and early modern Europe'

Chair : Annemieke Romein, Ghent University


9.00 : The narrative of the pardoned crime. The issues of the confrontation of judicial sources
Rudi Beaulant, Université de Bourgogne

In the name of whom ? Petitioning and representation in late medieval towns
Pablo Gonzalez Martin, University of Oxford

Printing and publishing the law in the Habsburgs Netherlands : printers' petitions to the Privy Council between 1600 and 1665
Nicolas Simon, Université Saint-Louis Bruxelles

The experience of war according to late medieval petitions in France, England and the Low Countries
Quentin Verreycken, Harvard University


Panel : 'Identity and citizenship in Latin America I'

Chair : Luisa Stella de Oliveira Coutinho Silva, Max Planck Institute for European Legal History


9.00 : Discussions about the citizenship in the New Spain (Mexico) in the Constitution of Cadiz (1811-1812)
Oscar Hernández Santiago, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico

A former slave and black lawyer reader of August Heffter : The principle of free soil in the legal thought of Luiz Gama (Brazil, 1870-1880)
Bruno Lima, University of Brasília, Max Planck Institute for European Legal History

The exercise of citizenship through the use of habeas corpus as legal remedy in the Federal Supreme Court of Brazil (1990-1929)
Tatiana Castro, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro

From the juico de amparo to the mandado de segurança : For a comparative history of the legal dimensions of justice in Brazil, Mexico and Argentina
Gabriel Faustino Santos, Università Degli Studie di Macerata


Panel : 'Roman identity and citizenship: centre and periphery'

Chair : Andreja Katancevic, University of Belgrade


9.00 : Was ius civile exclusively Romanum ? Grasping the idea of civil law in the light of Roman legal sources one more time
Joanna Kulawiak-Cyrankowska, University of Łódź

Civis romanus et rusticus sum ! How agriculture had a huge impact on Roman identity
Szilvia Nemes, Eötvös Loránd University

Elitist identity questioned. Apuleius and the defence of cosmopolitan identity against provincials
Jan Lukas Horneff, University of Dresden

Legal position of the peregrini dediticii compared to contemporary refugees
Marko Sukacic, J.J. Strossmayer University of Osijek

11.00 : Break


Panel : 'Citizens and their property: the insurance market'

Chair : Dave De ruysscher, Vrije Universiteit Brussel & Tilburg University


11.30 : The history and the development of marine, life and fire insurance in England
Sinem Ogis, Universität Augsburg

The development of mutual fire insurance in the Zaanstreekduring the seventeenth and eighteenth century
Delphine Sirks, Universität Augsburg

Competition or cooperation ? Analysis of the marine insurance market in nineteenth century Antwerp
Stephanie Plasschaert, Vrije Universiteit Brussel


Panel : 'Colonial identity and citizenship'

Chair : Romain Landmeters, Université Saint- Louis Bruxelles


11.30 : The Itialian-Libyan citizenship in Italian colonial and post-colonial experience
Marvin Messinetti, University of Camerino

Sovereignty and citizenship in New-Caledonia : a specific example among French colonies
Clotilde Fontaine, Université de Lille

Community Rights and Forest Governance in India : A Genealogy of Subjectification of "Tribals" in Mewar
Maarten van Opstal, Vrije Universiteit Brussel & Université libre de Bruxelles


Panel : 'Identity and citizenship in Latin Amercia II'

Chair : Oscar Hernández Santiago, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico


11.30 : Identity and Belonging in the Portugese Empire : The Baptisms and Marriages of Indians in the Captaincy of Paraíba, Brazil
Luisa Stella de Oliveira Silva, Max Planck Institute for European Legal History

Between a national church of citizens and citizens of a universal church. Citizenship and foreignness in the governance of ecclesiastical affairs in Brazil (nineteenth century)
Anna Clara Lehmann Martins, Federal University of Minas Gerais ; Max Planck Institute for European Legal History

Protecting the “sacred” property against “state violence” : Expropriation and the construction of citizenship through property rights in Brazil (1826-1930)
Arthur Barrêto de Almeida Costa, Federal University of Minas Gerais


Panel : 'Identity and citizenship in Poland

Chair: Thomasz Królasik, University of Warsaw


11.30 : The concept of urban citizenship in the light of urban chronicles from early modern Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Law and reality
Lukasz Golaszewski, University of Warsaw

Military service in the foreign enlistment as a way of social promotion in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, 1587-1696
Premyslaw Gawron & Jan Jerzy Sowa, University of Warsaw

'Forms of the lawyers' participation in the “solidarity” movement (1980-1981)
Stanislaw Zakrocynski, University of Warsaw


13.00 : Lunch


Panel : 'Damaged identity : Reputation and Bankruptcy'

Chair : Dave De Ruysscher, Vrije Universiteit Brussel & Tilburg University


14.00 : Fights for social affiliation. Norms and practice in libelling trials of the sixteenth century
Jan Siegemund, Technische Universität Dresden

Securing foreign claim : Early modern Frankfurt am Main's development towards an inclusive bankruptcy regime
Remko Mooi, Tilburg University

Shaping procedural practices and economic identities. An inquiry into middling groups in financial distress and negociated debt adjustment during Belgian's Second Industrial Revolution, 1890-1914
Pieter de Reu, Vrije Universiteit Brussel

Codifying credit : The 1804 civil code and the organisation of hypothèque
Zachary Stoltzfus, Florida State University


Panel : 'Identity and citizenship in Belgium'

Chair : Frederik Dhondt, Vrije Universiteit Brussel & Universiteit Antwerpen


14.00 : (Re-)constructing Belgian identity after the First World War
Katrin Vanheule, Catholic University Leuven

The Belgian monarchy at odds with the Flemish movement : a study from the point of view of the legal and political advisers of the king (1909-1950)
Linde Declercq, Ghent University

Burundian, Congolese and Rwandan in Brussels city after WWII. Evolved immigrants in (de)colonial context
Romain Landmeters, Université Saint-Louis Bruxelles

Memory and citizenship: analysis of projects carried out within the framework of the “Memory Decree” of 9 March 2009 (Wallonia-Brussels Federation)
Nissaf Sgaier & Hajab Oulad Ben Taïb, Université Saint-Louis Bruxelles


Panel : 'National, supranational or international identity ?

Chair : Piotr Pomianowski, University of Warsaw


14.00 : The factors of shaping European identity in George of Podiebrady's project of a union of rulers
Damian Szczepaniak, Jagiellonian University of Kraków

Citizen of the Polish State. Who is he ? On the problem of nationality in the country that has returned to the map of Europe after 123 years of absence on it
Marcin Michalak, University of Gdansk

Between national specificity and internationalisation. About gradual unification of inheritance law and expansion of international inheritance law
Wojciech Bacyck, Jagiellonian University of Kraków


Panel : “Classical” identity and citizenship

Chair : Nicolas Meunier, Université Saint-Louis Bruxelles


14.00 : The function of the embassy in the conflict resolution process. The structure of diplomatic speeches in the Iliad
Tea Dularize, Ivane Javakhishvilli Tblisi State University

Atimia as a penalty for parents' abuse in classical Athens
Delios Athanasios, Democritus University of Thrace

Nullus videtur dolo facere, qui suo iure utitur. On the concept of abuse of rights in Roman law
Emmanuel van Dongen, Utrecht University

16.00 : Break

16.30 : General Assembly

17.30 : End



Register : https://www.vub.ac.be/en/events/2019/25th-annual-forum-of-young-legal-historians-0

Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Etterbeek)
Boulevard de la Plaine 2

1050 Ixelles, Belgique

Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Université libre de Bruxelles
Centre de recherches en histoire du droit, des institutions et de la société
Centre d’histoire du droit et d’anthropologie juridique