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Parution : 01/2022
Editeurs : Macmillan
Palgrave
ISBN : 978-3-0308-0270-7
Site de l'éditeur

Histories of Legal Aid

A Comparative and International Perspective

Sous la direction de Felice Batlan, Marianne Vasara-Aaltonen

Présentation de l'éditeur

This book focuses on the history of the provision of legal aid and legal assistance to the poor in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in eight different countries. It is the first such book to bring together historical work on legal aid in a comparative perspective, and allows readers to analogise and contrast historical narratives about free legal aid across countries. Legal aid developed as a result of industrialisation, urbanization, immigration, the rise of philanthropy, and what were viewed as new legal problems. Closely related, was the growing professionalisation of lawyers and the question of what duties lawyers owed society to perform free work. Yet, legal aid providers in many countries included lay women and men, leading at times to tensions with the bar. Furthermore, legal aid often became deeply politicized, creating dramatic conflicts concerning the rights of the poor to have equal access to justice.

Felice Batlan is Professor of Law and affiliated Professor of the Humanities at IIT Chicago-Kent, USA.  She is the author of the award-winning Women and Justice for the Poor: A History of Legal Aid, 1863-1945 (2015). Her research focuses on the legal history of women and gender in the U.S. and internationally.

Marianne Vasara-Aaltonen is University Lecturer in Legal History at the University of Helsinki, Finland. She is the author of Learning Law and Travelling Europe: Study Journeys and the Developing Swedish Legal Profession (2020), and several articles on the history of legal education, the legal profession, and the courts.

 

Sommaire

Introduction: Understanding the History of Legal Aid in an International and Comparative Perspective
Felice Batlan, Marianne Vasara-Aaltonen

Grand Histories of Legal Aid

Front Matter

The Persistent Question of Legal Aid in the Professional Development of Russian Lawyers
William E. Pomeranz

From pro Deo to pro Pecunia. An Institutional History of Legal Aid in Belgium
Bruno Debaenst

The Historical Evolution of Legal Aid in China from the Perspective of Globalisation (1890–2003)
Jin Dong

Growing Needs and New Providers: Legal Aid at the Fin de Siècle

Front Matter

For Workers and for the Disadvantaged: Legal Advice Centres in Germany from the Late Nineteenth Century to the Early Twentieth Century
Hiroki Kawamura

“To Poor and Rich Alike”: Legal Modernisation, the Women’s Movement, and Legal Aid in Late-Nineteenth-Century Finland
Marianne Vasara-Aaltonen

Lawyers Providing Legal Aid in Print: Legal Question and Answer Columns in Finnish Newspapers Around 1900
Mia Korpiola

Politics, Memory, and the Writing of History

Front Matter

The Organisation of l’Assistance Judiciaire, the Politics of Poverty, and the Rewriting of History in Nineteenth-Century France
Sylvia Schafer

Training and Disciplining Lawyers Through Legal Aid: Chile, 1932–1960s
Marianne González Le Saux

Archival Confrontations and Rewriting the History of Legal Aid in the U.S.
Felice Batlan

Back Matter

World Histories of Crime, Culture and Violence , 330 pages.  126,59 €

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